Power and Control
Physical and sexual assaults, or threats to commit them, are the most
apparent forms of domestic violence and are usually the actions that
allow others to become aware of the problem. However, regular use of
other abusive behaviors by the batterer, when reinforced by one or
more acts of physical violence, makes up a larger system of abuse.
Although physical assaults may occur only once or occasionally, they
instill threat of future violent attacks and allow the abuser to take
control of the woman’s life and circumstances.
The Power & Control diagram is a particularly helpful tool in understanding the overall pattern of abusive and violent behaviors, which are used by a batterer to establish and maintain control over his partner. Very often, one or more violent incidents are accompanied by an array of these other types of abuse. They are less easily identified, yet firmly establish a pattern of intimidation and control in the relationship.